Construction defects is the name given to any deficiency in the designing planning and building of a home. The end result is that either the building is not constructed properly or if it is built, it does not provide the buyer with the purpose for which it was bought.
There are four main categories in which construction defects can be categorized.
A design defect arises when an architect or an engineer designs a building, but the performance of the actual building is not the same as the one which the designed model gave. Improper roofs through which water penetrates into the house or a poor drainage system are examples of design deficiencies. A lack of structural support is also a defect that is included in this category.
If low quality materials are used for construction purposes, a large number of problems may be encountered. For instance, if there is a window through which water leaks or cold air from the outside enters into the room, it would be regarded as a material deficiency. In this situation, probable causes could be anything like a rough framing or a building paper which is not applied properly.
Generally, material deficiencies include all defects associated with waterproofing membranes, building papers, particle boards, roofing shingle, inferior dry walls and other similar materials that are used for constructing the house.
If proper workmanship is not used when constructing a building, many problems may be encountered. Only quality methods and technologies must be utilized so there are no sorts of cracks or leaks in the structure. As an example, if water seeps through walls, it is a construction defect. Similarly, if there is a crack in wood or a leakage in plumbing, that can also be regarded as a construction deficiency. Another example of construction deficiency could be any issue with mechanical or electrical installations.
A home that is constructed on a hilly area may not have a stable foundation. Consequently, cracks can occur in the floors and walls, and cause a significant amount of damage to the building. This can be avoided only when subsurface conditions are properly taken into consideration and dealt with in a practical manner. Not abiding by this can cause problems as serious as landslides and to and fro movement of the entire structure.